Tax-related identity theft occurs when someone uses your Social Security number to file a tax return claiming a fraudulent refund.
What is tax-related identity theft?
You may be unaware that this has happened until you efile your return and discover that a return already has been filed using your SSN. Or, the IRS may send you a letter saying we have identified a suspicious return using your SSN.
Know the warning signs
Be alert to possible tax-related identity theft if you are contacted by the IRS or your tax professional/provider about:
More than one tax return was filed using your SSN.
You owe additional tax, refund offset or have had collection actions taken against you for a year you did not file a tax return.
IRS records indicate you received wages or other income from an employer for whom you did not work.
If you suspect you are a victim of identity theft, continue to pay your taxes and file your tax return, even if you must do so by paper.