What is Tax-Related Identity Theft?

Tax-related identity theft occurs when someone uses your Social Security number to file a tax return claiming a fraudulent refund.

What is tax-related identity theft?

You may be unaware that this has happened until you efile your return and discover that a return already has been filed using your SSN. Or, the IRS may send you a letter saying we have identified a suspicious return using your SSN.

Know the warning signs

Be alert to possible tax-related identity theft if you are contacted by the IRS or your tax professional/provider about:

More than one tax return was filed using your SSN.

You owe additional tax, refund offset or have had collection actions taken against you for a year you did not file a tax return.

IRS records indicate you received wages or other income from an employer for whom you did not work.

If you suspect you are a victim of identity theft, continue to pay your taxes and file your tax return, even if you must do so by paper.

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